Tax saving options -Income Tax Deductions FY 2023-24 (AY 2024-25)

Income Tax Deductions under Section 80C, 80CCC, 80CCD & 80D – FY 2023-24 (AY 2024-25)

SectionsIncome Tax Deduction for FY 2023-24(AY 2024-25)Eligible personMaximum deduction available for FY 2023-24(AY 2024-25)
Section 80CInvesting into very common and popular investment options like LIC, PPF, Sukanya Samriddhi Account, Mutual Funds, FD, child tuition fee, ULIP, etcIndividual
Upto Rs 1,50,000
Section 80CCCInvestment in Pension FundsIndividuals
Section 80CCD (1)Atal Pension Yojana and National Pension Scheme ContributionIndividuals
Section 80CCD (1B)Atal Pension Yojana and National Pension Scheme Contribution (additional deduction)IndividualsUpto Rs 50,000
Section 80CCD (2)National Pension Scheme Contribution by EmployerIndividualsAmount Contributed
14% of Basic Salary + Dearness Allowance (in case the employer is Government)
10% of Basic Salary+ Dearness Allowance (in case of any other employer)
– Whichever is lower
Section 80DMedical Insurance Premium, preventive health checkup and Medical ExpenditureIndividual
Upto Rs 1,00,000
Section 80DDMedical Treatment of a Dependent with DisabilityIndividual
Normal Disability (atleast 40% or more but less than 80%): Rs 75000/-
Severe Disability (atleast 80% or more) : Rs 125000/-
Section 80DDBMedical expenditure for treatment of Specified DiseasesIndividual
Senior Citizens: Upto Rs 1,00,000
Others: Upto Rs 40,000
Section 80EInterest paid on Loan taken for Higher EducationIndividualNo limit (Any amount of interest paid on education loan) upto 8 assessment years
Section 80EEInterest paid on Housing LoanIndividualUpto Rs 50,000 subject to some conditions
Section 80EEAInterest Paid on Housing LoanIndividualUpto Rs 1,50,000/- subject to some conditions
Section 80EEBInterest paid on Electric Vehicle LoanIndividualUpto Rs 1,50,000 subject to some conditions
Section 80GDonation to specified funds/institutions. InstitutionsAll Assessee (Individual, HUF, Company, etc)100% or 50% of the Donated amount or Qualifying limit,
Allowed donation in cash upto Rs.2000/-
Section 80GGIncome Tax Deduction for House Rent PaidIndividualRs. 5000 per month
25% of Adjusted Total Income
Rent paid – 10% of Adjusted Total Income
– whichever is lower
Section 80GGADonation to Scientific Research & Rural DevelopmentAll assessees except those who have an income (or loss) from a business and/or a profession100% of the amount donated.
Allowed donation in cash upto Rs.10,000/-
Section 80GGBContribution to Political PartiesCompanies100% of the amount contributed
No deduction available for the contribution made in cash
Section 80GGCIndividuals on contribution to Political PartiesIndividual
100% of the amount contributed.
No deduction available for the contribution made in cash
Section 80RRBRoyalty on PatentsIndividuals (Indian citizen or foreign citizen being resident in India)Rs.3,00,000/-
Specified Income
– whichever is lower
Section 80QQBRoyalty Income of AuthorsIndividuals (Indian citizen or foreign citizen being resident in India)Rs.3,00,000/-
Specified Income
– whichever is lower
Section 80TTAInterest earned on Savings AccountsIndividual
HUF (except senior citizen)
Upto Rs 10,000/-
Section 80TTBInterest Income earned on deposits(Savings/ FDs)Individual (60 yrs or above)Upto Rs 50,000/-
Section 80UDisabled IndividualsIndividualsNormal Disability: Rs. 75,000/-
Severe Disability: Rs. 1,25,000/-

Investments that Qualify for Deductions under Section 80C. Tax saving options under Section 80C.

There are several options you can choose to save tax under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. These include:

Equity Linked Saving Scheme (ELSS), National Pension Scheme (NPS), Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP), Public Provident Fund (PPF), Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY), National Savings Certificate (NSC), Fixed Deposit (FD), Employee Provident Fund (EPF)

Please note that these benefits are available if you have chosen the “Old Tax Regime.”

Expenses that Qualify for Tax Deductions under Section 80C, Life Insurance Premiums, Employee Provident Fund (EPF) contributions, Public Provident Fund (PPF) investments, National Savings Certificate (NSC) investments, Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) investments, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) investments, 5-Year Fixed Deposit with Banks, Senior Citizens Savings Scheme (SCSS) investments, Tuition Fees for up to two children, Home Loan Principal Repayment, Stamp Duty and Registration Charges for a Home

Features of Income Tax Deduction u/s 80

Section 80C: This section provides a deduction of up to Rs.1.5 lakh for investments in specified instruments such as EPF, PPF, NSC, ELSS, tax-saving fixed deposits, etc.

List of other investments that are eligible for deduction under section 80C. is enumerated below

1) Premium paid for life insurance policy Premium paid on insurance policies of self, spouse, or child (minor or major). If you pay a premium for your parents, then you will not be allowed to take a deduction. If In the case of HUF, the premium paid for any member. It can be either a life policy or an endowment policy.

2) Any amount invested in the Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme in the name of your daughter or any girl child for whom you are a legal guardian.

3) Contribution to:- Public Provident Fund- Approved superannuation fund -Unit -linked Insurance Plan, 1971- Unit-linked Insurance Plan of LIC Mutual Fund-Approved annuity plan of LIC- Pension fund which is set up by mutual fund or by the administrator or the specified company- National Housing Bank Term Deposit Scheme, 2008- additional account under NPS – Senior Citizens Savings Scheme Rules, 2004

4)Subscription to:
-National Savings Certificates (VIII issues)
– units of any mutual fund or from the administrator or the specified company
– notified deposit scheme of a public sector company that provides long-term finance for construction or purchase or construction of houses for residential purposes in India or any other deposit scheme concerned with housing accommodation or planning, improvement or development of cities, towns, and villages or both.
– specified equity shares or debentures or units of mutual fund
– notified bonds issued by NABARD

5) Investment in five-year fixed deposit (FD) of Scheduled Bank or Post Office

6) Repayment of housing loan principal amount (including stamp duty, registration fee, and other expenses)

7) Payment of tuition fees to any college, school, university or other educational institutions within India for full-time education for maximum 2 children

Section 80CCC: This section provides a deduction for contributions made to annuity plans of LIC or any other insurer for receiving pension.

Under section 80CCC income tax deduction for the contributions made in specified pension plans can be claimed. The tax deduction can be claimed by individuals (whether resident or non-resident). Maximum permissible deduction under sections 80C, 80CCC, and 80CCD(1) put together is Rs. 1,50,000

Section 80CCD(1): An income tax deduction for contributions made by individuals to eligible NPS

The contribution made to eligible NPS account is tax-deductible up to Rs 1.5 lakhs under section 80CCD(1). The deductions shall be restricted to the amount contributed or the below-given percentage, whichever is less. However, this tax benefit is within the overall ceiling limits of section 80CCE, i.e., Rs. 1,50,000. To know the computation of the exempt amount, eligibility, and much more.

Section 80CCD(1B): Additional Income tax deduction for contributions made by individuals to eligible NPS

Section 80CCD(1B) gives you the additional tax saving benefit of up to Rs 50,000 for contributions to the NPS account. It is over and above the limits of section 80C,i.e., It shall not be subjected to the ceiling limit of Rs. 1,50,000. This section 80CCD has gained so much attention as you can invest up to Rs. 2 lakh in an NPS account and claim a deduction of the full amount, i.e., Rs. 1.50 lakh under Sec 80CCD(1) and Rs. 50,000 under Section 80CCD(1B).

Section 80CCD(2): An income tax deduction for contributions by an employer to eligible NPS

Your contribution to NPS is deductible under 80CCD(1), and 80CCD(1B), and the amount contributed by your employer towards your NPS account is also tax-deductible under section 80CCD(2). The deduction amount shall be restricted to 14% of salary(Basic salary + DA) in case of Govt. employees and 10% in case of any other employees.

Section 80D: Income Tax benefit for medical insurance premium

Section 80D is amongst the most popular tax saving options. Under this tax, benefit is admissible for

Medical Insurance Premiums

Expenditure on Preventive Health Check-up

Other Medical Expenditure

The admissible deductions under this section are as under:

In the case of an individual,

Case I – If your self / spouse or dependent children are below 60 Years of age, then the maximum deduction is Rs. 25,000, and if your parents are also below 60 years of age, then the maximum deduction is Rs. 25,000. Therefore, the aggregate deduction shall be a maximum of Rs. 50,000.

Case II – If your self/spouse or dependent children are below 60 Years of age, then the maximum deduction is Rs. 25,000. If parents are 60 years or above, the maximum deduction is Rs. 50,000. Therefore, the aggregate deduction shall be a maximum of Rs. 75,000.

Case III – If your self/spouse or dependent children are 60 years or above, then the maximum deduction is Rs. 50,000. If your parents are also 60 years or older, the maximum deduction is Rs. 50,000. Therefore, the aggregate deduction shall be a maximum of Rs. 1,00,000.

Deduction up to Rs. 5,000 shall be allowed for payment made towards preventive health check-ups of self, spouse, dependent children, or dependent parents made during the previous year. However, the said deduction of Rs. 5,000 shall be within the overall limit of Rs. 25,000 or Rs. 50,000 specified above.

In the case of HUF,

The maximum deduction available to a HUF in respect of premium paid to insure the health of any member of the family would be Rs. 25,000, and in case any member is a senior citizen, then Rs. 50,000.


You can also claim a deduction of upto Rs. 50,000 under section 80D even if you do not have any health insurance policy provided any amount is incurred towards:
– medical treatment expenditure of self, spouse, and dependent children (who is of the age of sixty years or more and not having medical insurance cover)
– medical treatment expenditure of any parent(s) (who is of the age of sixty years or more and not having medical insurance cover)

Deduction where the health insurance premium is paid in lump sum: Deduction shall be apportioned towards all the years for which the premium is paid.

Section 80DD: Income Tax Deduction for Medical Treatment of a Dependent with Disability

Section 80DD provides an income tax benefit to the extent of Rs 75,000 (Where disability is 40% or more but less than 80%) & Rs 1,25,000 (Where there is a severe disability (disability is 80% or more) respectively. The benefit can be availed for incurring medical expenditures for a disabled dependent relative. For diseases covered, documents required, and other information, please refer to the detailed guide.

Section 80DDB: Income Tax Deduction for Specified Diseases

The income tax deduction under section 80DDB serves as financial help for those suffering from a severe disease or taking care of such dependent family members. The deduction is allowed regarding the amount paid for the medical treatment of such disease or ailment of the specified persons. The maximum deduction is summarized hereunder:

DependantMaximum limit (Rs.)
A senior citizen (being a resident individual)1,00,000
Other than a senior citizen40,000

No such deduction shall be allowed unless a prescription is obtained for such medical treatment from a neurologist, oncologist, urologist, hematologist, immunologist, or other specialists, as may be prescribed. Read more to know the eligibility and other qualifying criteria.

Section 80E: Income Tax Deduction for Interest paid on Higher Education Loan

The interest paid on higher education loans taken for self, spouse, child, or student of whom you are a legal guardian is eligible for income tax deduction under section 80E. The tax benefit is available for the 8 Assessment Years. i.e., The current year and the next 7 years, without maximum limits. 

Section 80EE: Income Tax Deduction for Home Loan

Section 80EE provides an additional deduction of up to Rs. 50,000 in respect of the interest on a loan taken by an individual to acquire residential house property from any financial institution. 80EE deduction is in addition to the deduction available under section 24 while computing ‘income from house property’.

The conditions for availing deduction of interest are:

  1. Individual and not own any residential house property on date of loan sanction.
  2. Value of the house less than equal to Rs.50 Lakhs
  3. Loan serviced is grater than equal to Rs.35 Lakhs
  4. Loan sanctioned by a financial institution between FY2016-17 & FY2018-19

Section 80EEA: Income Tax Deduction for first time home buyers

This section is Section 80EEA which allows an additional deduction to taxpayers for paying interest on a home loan availed by them. While Section 24 allowed for interest exemption on home loans up to INR 2 lakhs, this section allows an additional exemption of Rs 1.5 lakhs to home buyers who avail of a home loan and pay interest on the loan.
Other conditions for availing deduction of interest:

  1. Individual should not be eligible to cliam 80EE deduction
  2. Stamp duty value of the house greater than equal to Rs.45 Lakhs
  3. Loan sanction by a financial institution from 01-04-2019 to 31-03-2022
  4. Not own any residential house property on date of loan sanction

Section 80EEB: Income Tax Deduction for repayment of Electronic Vehicle Loan

This section was introduced to promote the purchase of electric vehicles among individuals by giving them tax relief on the interest paid on loans taken to purchase such vehicles from any financial institution from 01/04/2019 to 31/03/2023. The limit of deduction is up to Rs 1.5 lakhs.

Section 80G: Deduction in respect of donations made to specified funds and charitable institutions etc

Deduction under this section is available to all types of taxpayers (individual/ firm/ LLP or any other person).

The deduction amount is based on the category in which the fund falls, i.e. with or without any qualifying limit.
Where the funds are subject to qualifying limit, the formula for calculation of deduction = Gross Qualifying Amount – Net Qualifying Amount

The donation should be made in any mode of payment other than cash if it exceeds Rs. 2,000. Donations in kind are not eligible for deduction under this section

Section 80GG: Income Tax Deduction for House Rent Paid

Deduction under this section is available only to those individuals who do not receive benefits by way of HRA (House Rent Allowance) or RFA (Rent Free Accommodation). Deduction u/s 80GG can be claimed to Rs 5,000 per month for the house rent paid.

The admissible deduction shall be the least of the following:
a. Rs. 5,000 per month
b. 25% of the adjusted total income*; or
c. Rent paid less than 10% of total income*

*Adjusted Total Income = total income excluding short-term capital gains under section 111A, long-term capital gains, income under section 115A and deductions under sections 80C to 80U

Section 80GGA: Income Tax Deduction for Donation towards Scientific Research & Rural Development

Donations for Scientific Research or Rural Development can avail deduction under section 80GGA. Assessee having an income from Business/Profession cannot avail of this benefit. Under this section, the whole amount is allowed as a deduction without any upper limit. However, cash donations of more than Rs. 2,000 are not allowed. Read More about Section 80GGA

Section 80GGB: Income Tax Deduction for donation to Political Parties

Donations made by an Indian company to any political party or an electoral trust shall be eligible for deduction under this section. However, no deduction shall be permissible in respect of cash donations.

Section 80GGC: Income Tax Deduction in respect of contributions given by any person to Political Parties

Any person other than an Indian Company can avail of deduction under section 80GGC of the total amount paid to a political party or electoral trust, except the cash donations. However, local authorities and every artificial judicial (wholly or partly funded by the government) person cannot claim a deduction under this section.

Section 80RRB: Income Tax Deduction for Royalty on Patents

A resident of India and an individual patentee (true and first inventor of the invention, including co-patentee) can claim a deduction under section 80RRB in respect of patents registered on or after 01.04.2003.

The deduction amount shall be the lower of: 100% of the Royalty Income from patent Rs. 3,00,000

For claiming the benefit under this section patent must be registered under the Patents Act 1970.

Section 80QQB: Income Tax Deductions for Royalty Income of Authors

An author (Resident of India or resident but not ordinarily resident in India), including the joint author of a book, can claim a deduction under Sec 80QQB. The deduction amount shall be as follows:
a. In the case of lump sum payment – Total amount of royalty income subject to a maximum of Rs. 3,00,000.
b. In other cases – Total amount of such income subject to a maximum of 15% of the value of books sold during the previous year.

Section 80U: Income Tax Deduction for Disabled Individuals

Resident individual certified by the medical authority or a government doctor to be a person with a disability (having a disability of 40% or more) can claim a deduction of Rs. 75,000 under this section. In the case of a person with a severe disability (having a disability of 80% or more ), the quantum of deduction allowed is Rs. 1,25,000. It is a fixed deduction and is not based on actual expenses.

Section 80TTA: Deduction in respect of interest on deposits in Savings Account

Section 80TTA allows deduction in respect of interest income on deposits in Savings Bank Accounts of Banks, Co-Operatives Banks, or Post Office. The quantum of deduction allowed under this section is Rs. 10,000 or the actual interest earned, whichever is lower. Both individual and HUF can avail of this deduction (Other than Resident Senior Citizen). This deduction is not available on the interest income from fixed deposits

Section 80TTB: Deduction in respect of interest from deposits held by Senior Citizens

Section 80TTB allows a deduction upto Rs 50,000 in respect of interest income from deposits held by resident senior citizens (age 60 years or more) with a banking company, a post office, cooperative, society engaged in the banking business etc. Consequently, the limit of tds deduction u/s 194A for senior citizens has been raised to Rs. 50,000. However, no deduction under section 80TTA shall be allowed in these cases. Note that the senior citizen aged 75 years and above, earning only pension and interest income, is exempted from ITR filing as tax shall be deducted at source by the banks.

The following question and answers will help you clear more doubts,

Q- What is the maximum deduction allowed under Section 80C?

The maximum deduction allowed under Section 80C is Rs. 1.5 lakh.

Q- Can I claim deduction under both Section 80C and Section 80CCC?

Yes, you can claim a deduction under both Section 80C and Section 80CCC, subject to the overall limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh.

Q- Does section 80 C of tax deduction include recurring deposits?

No, recurring deposits do not come under the purview of section 80C. 5 years tax saving fixed deposit comes under section 80C but not the recurring deposit. There are many other investments under section 80C, such as ELSS, LIC, PF, and principal repayment.

Q- Does the Provident Fund come under section 80C of tax exemption?

Yes, the provident fund comes under 80C. There are two types of PF: Recognized provident fund and Statutory provident fund. An employee can avail deduction for the amount which has been contributed by him, not by the employer.

Q- Does section 80 C includes investment under NPS?

Yes, investing in NPS comes under the purview of Section 80C.

Q- Do my SIPs qualify for tax deductions under Section 80C?

Investment in SIPs of ELSS comes under Section 80C, but Section 80C does not cover investment in other mutual fund SIPs.

Q- Do 80CCC and 80CCD come under 80C, or they are additional investment benefits? Are they over and above the Rs. 1,50,000 limit of 80C?

Section 80CCD and 80CCC are available in addition to deduction under section 80C however, the deduction under section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD(1) in aggregate cannot exceed INR 1,50,000 as per 80CCE.

Q- What is the difference between income tax exemption on NPS under section 80CCD(1B) and NPS under section 80C?

NPS under section 80C can be claimed upto Rs. 1,50,000 where deduction under section 80CCD(1B) can be claimed over and above section 80C upto Rs. 50,000.

Q- Is investment for a spouse in Atal Pension Yojna (APY) exempt under Section 80CCD(1B)?

An investment made in APY comes under the ambit of Section 80CCD(1B) and can be treated the same as NPS. Therefore, the deduction can be claimed for APY under 80CCD(1B). However, an investment made under the spouse’s name cannot be claimed under this section.

Q- Doesn’t the 80CCD(2) give the opportunity of saving tax beyond 2 lakhs per year?

Yes, Section 80CCD(2) can be claimed when the employer contributes to the NPS account of the employee. There is no restriction on the amount of deduction of 80CCD(2). The same can be claimed as a deduction by the employee. Only Section 80CCD(1B) allows a claim of Rs. 50,000 over and above Rs. 1,50,000, checkup thereby allowing a deduction of Rs. 2 lakhs.

Q- Can an assessee avail 80D deduction for his father-in-law?

An assessee can claim section 80D on medical insurance and health checkup of himself, spouse, parents and dependent children. Hence, no amount can be availed as a deduction by the assessee on the medical policy of the father-in-law.

Q- What will be the exemption under Section 80D if I get a combined Mediclaim for my parents and myself?

Section 80D allows you to claim a deduction of the amount spent on medical insurance and health check-up of the assessee himself or his spouse, parents and dependent children. If the mediclaim is combined, then the same deductions will be available as provided when individual policies are taken based on their age, as discussed above in section 80D.

Q- Is 80D deduction available for a non-dependent parent?

Section 80D is available for parents, whether dependent or not.

Q- Can the benefit of Section 80E be claimed if the assessee is pursuing higher education from abroad?

Section 80E states that deduction can be claimed under this section if any loan has been taken in India for the higher education of the assessee, spouse of the assessee and children of the assessee. Higher education here means any course pursued after Class XII or its equivalent, recognised by the Central Government, State Government, local authority, or any other specified authority. Therefore, the assessee can claim a deduction for pursuing higher education abroad, provided the loan is taken in India.

Q- I bought my first house. Can I claim a tax benefit under both section 24 and section 80EE in a single year?

Section 24 and Section 80EE can be claimed simultaneously. However, interest on housing loan should be first claimed under section 24 upto INR 2,00,00, and only then it can be claimed as a deduction under section 80EE of INR 50,000.

Q- Are infertility treatment expenses exempt under Section 80DDB of income tax?

Under this section, a deduction is available only on the expenses incurred for certain specific diseases. Rule – 11DD, in the income tax rules, provide an entire list of diseases for which deduction can be claimed. Neurological diseases (the disability level must be certified to be 40% or above), Dementia, Dystonia Musculorum Deformans, Motor Neuron Disease, Ataxia, Chorea, Hemiballismus, Aphasia, Parkinson’s Disease, Malignant Cancers, Full Blown Acquired Immuno-Defciency Syndrome (AIDS), Chronic Renal failure, Hematological disorders, Hemophilia, Thalassemia, Hence, from the above-mentioned list, it can be concluded that Infertility treatment expenses are not included in Section 80DDB.

Q- Can an individual claim the U/S 80DDB deductions, as well as 80U for a dependent disabled son while filling his/her ITR

Section 80DDB defines that an individual can claim a deduction for any expense incurred by them for a disabled relative. Whereas Section 80U defines that an individual, if certified as disabled, can claim a deduction under this section for any expenses incurred by him for his own treatment. Therefore, a parent can claim a deduction for the expenses incurred by them for the treatment of their disabled son under Section 80DDB and not under Section 80U.

Q- If I have a dependant who is mentally disabled, which tax deduction suits me?

Section 80DD is the best-suited deduction for you as Section 80DD provides a deduction for any amount incurred for the treatment of disabled dependants and mental illness is one of the diseases covered under this section.

Q- Can I take a tax deduction under 80DD for my father as he is permanently hearing impaired (more than 60%), but he has a sum of money in his bank account?

Yes, the assessee can claim a deduction provided expenses have been actually incurred by him for his father’s treatment. The amount of deduction will be Rs.75000 (60% disabled), having money in a bank account does not seem to count.

Q- Is interest on REC bonds exempt under 80TTB?

Interest on REC bonds is not exempt under section 80TTB.

Q- Can I find a tax rebate u/s- 87A if I have an FD account?

A tax rebate is available for all individuals who have a gross total income of Rs. 5,00,000 or less. The source of income does not seem to matter.

Q- Does car insurance come under 80C?

Tax benefit under section 80C is available only for life insurance premiums paid, and it does not extend to general insurance like car insurance, travel insurance, etc.

Q- What is the stamp duty deduction under 80C?

Stamp duty, registration fee, and other related expenses related to transfer of house property can be claimed under section 80C if:

  1. The construction of the house property has been completed.
  2. The transfer has taken place.
  3. These expenses have been incurred in your name.

Q- For investments made in July 2022, when can the deductions be claimed?

For investments made in July 2022, i.e. Financial Year 2022-23, the income tax return would be filed in July 2023 (approximately). At the time of filing ITR, you can claim the deductions

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